How to Use Google Search Console for SEO Audit

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Search engine optimization (SEO) is crucial for enhancing your website’s visibility on search engines. One of the most powerful tools available for this purpose is Google Search Console (GSC). In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of using Google Search Console for an effective SEO audit.

What is Google Search Console?

Google Search Console is a free web service provided by Google that helps you monitor, maintain, and troubleshoot your site’s presence in Google Search results. It offers valuable insights into how Google views your website and can be a critical tool in your SEO strategy.

Setting Up Google Search Console

Before diving into the SEO audit, ensure your website is properly set up in Google Search Console:

  1. Sign In: Go to Google Search Console and sign in with your Google account.
  2. Add Property: Click on the ‘Add Property’ button and enter your website URL. Choose between ‘Domain’ or ‘URL Prefix’ based on your verification preference.
  3. Verify Ownership: Verify ownership of your site through various methods such as HTML file upload, meta tag, Google Analytics, or DNS record.

Read: Essentials of Technical SEO

Conducting an SEO Audit with Google Search Console

1. Check for Indexing Issues:

Start by ensuring that Google can effectively crawl and index your site:

  • Coverage Report: Navigate to the ‘Coverage’ report under the ‘Index’ section. This report shows the pages that are indexed and any errors or warnings. Pay attention to:
  • Errors: Pages that couldn’t be indexed due to issues like server errors, 404 not found, or redirect errors.
  • Valid with Warnings: Pages that are indexed but may have issues affecting their performance.
  • Excluded: Pages intentionally or unintentionally excluded from indexing. Review these to ensure critical pages are not omitted

2. Analyze Performance:

The ‘Performance’ report provides insights into how your site performs in search results:

  • Search Queries: Understand which queries bring users to your site. Look for keywords with high impressions but low click-through rates (CTR) and optimize those pages.
  • Pages: Identify top-performing pages and pages that need improvement.
  • Countries: See which countries your traffic comes from and tailor content to your audience.
  • Devices: Analyze performance across different devices (desktop, mobile, tablet) and ensure your site is mobile-friendly.

3. Optimize for Mobile Usability:

Mobile usability is critical for SEO. Use the ‘Mobile Usability’ report to identify and fix issues:

  • Mobile-Friendly Errors: Look for common issues such as text too small to read, clickable elements too close together, and content wider than the screen.
  • Mobile-First Indexing: Ensure your mobile site is as robust as the desktop version since Google predominantly uses the mobile version for indexing and ranking.

4. Improve Core Web Vitals:

search console Core Web Vitals issues

Core Web Vitals are essential metrics for user experience. Check the ‘Core Web Vitals’ report:

  • Largest Contentful Paint (LCP): Measures loading performance. Aim for LCP within 2.5 seconds.
  • First Input Delay (FID): Measures interactivity. Aim for FID of less than 100 milliseconds.
  • Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS): Measures visual stability. Aim for a CLS score of less than 0.1.

5. Review Security Issues and Manual Actions:

Security Issues and Manual Actions

Ensure your site is secure and free from penalties:

  • Security Issues: Check for any security issues such as malware, hacked content, and social engineering attacks.
  • Manual Actions: Verify that your site does not have any manual penalties applied by Google for violations of their guidelines.

6. Analyze Backlinks:

Backlinks are crucial for SEO. Use the ‘Links’ report to analyze your backlink profile:

  • Top Linked Pages: Identify which of your pages are getting the most backlinks.
  • Top Linking Sites: See which external sites are linking to your content.
  • Internal Links: Ensure your internal linking structure is logical and helps distribute page authority effectively.

7. Monitor Enhancements:

Google Search Console provides several ‘Enhancements’ reports for structured data:

  • Breadcrumbs: Ensure breadcrumb markup is correctly implemented for easy navigation.
  • Sitelinks Searchbox: Verify the sitelinks searchbox markup for brand searches.
  • Other Structured Data: Monitor other types of structured data, like articles, events, and products, to enhance visibility in search results.


Regularly conducting an SEO audit with Google Search Console helps maintain your website’s health and improve its performance in search engine results. By addressing indexing issues, optimizing performance metrics, ensuring mobile usability, enhancing user experience through Core Web Vitals, securing your site, analyzing backlinks, and leveraging structured data, you can significantly boost your SEO efforts.

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